2015 European Summer School
Societies and Climate Change, Challenges for Education, Action, Governance
From Tuesday 30th June to Friday 3rd July 2015
Château de Montvillargenne
6, avenue François Mathet
Developing Innovative Dialogue on Climate Change
The issue of climate change has evolved in recent years, from a subject of basic research handled by a diverse community, to a multi-faceted challenge which raises the question not only of how to speak about and define its terms, but also how these challenges can be met with action.
The subject has come to involve a broad spectrum of disciplines ranging from biophysics to human and social sciences. It shakes the foundations of our economic and social models, and therefore society, and commands the attention of politicians. In fact, the novelty of the issue lies not only in the emergence of a new field of scientific exploration but also in the growing awareness of the Earth’s limits and the exacerbating impact of all forms of human activity.
The complexity of this shift raises a host of questions. How do we perceive the concept of climate change? What is the timeframe under consideration? How can we represent it in concrete terms, discuss it and teach about it? The question of knowledge then leads to that of action. The reactions to climate change, the intersection of temporal and spatial scales, managing uncertainty and potential risk, the places and processes for expertise, making commitments and decisions constitute a multitude of situations marked by forms of innovation. They point to a transformation which goes well beyond the question of climate. The three and a half day seminar will examine this dual challenge of knowledge and action.
The European Summer School, a satellite event of the conference Our common future under climate change, will take place in the lead-up to the United Nations Conference of the Parties on Climate Change (COP 21). By comparing approaches and points of view, the speakers and participants at the European Summer School will be asked to shed light on the processes underway, to identify the normatives at work, be they scientific, political, economic or social, to discern the nature of the controversies specific to this major issue and the nature of the choices confronting politicians, caught between short-term interests and long-term stakes. Considered from the multiple perspectives of different actors, the climate change issue raises questions on the model of science-society relations. The Summer School will also attempt to draw general lessons from the dialogue which has been built in the past 20 years around this topic.
BO Yan is a Professor in School of International Relations and Public Affairs, Fudan University. Her research interests include global environmental governance and International organization. She is the author of The Trilateral Relations among China, The US, the EU in Global Climate Governance (2012); International Negotiations and Domestic Politics: The Case of the US and Kyoto Protocol (2007). She is also the editor of Environment Issues and International Relations (2009) and the Chinese translator of Rules for the World: International Organization in World Politics (2010). She has published dozens of research articles on environment and international relations.
Marcel BURSZTYN holds a B.A. in Economics (1973) and a M.Sc. in Urban and Regional Planning (1976), from the Federal University of Rio de Janeiro. He also holds a Diploma in Planning Studies from the University of Edinburgh (1977), a doctorate in Social and Economic Development, from Université de Paris I (1982) and a doctorate in Economics, from Université de Picardie, France (1988). He is a full professor in the Center for Sustainable Development at the University of Brasília.
Other affiliations: Senior Research Fellow at the Harvard Kennedy School of Government (2007-2008) – Sustainability Science Program; Visiting Professor at Université de Rennes 2 (2009) – Chaire des Amériques); Visiting Professor at Université de Paris 3 (2012) – Chaire Simon Bolivar; member of the French Ethics Committee for the Agrarian Research (INRA and CIRAD), since 2008; founder and co-editor of the periodical Sustainability in Debate; president of the Scientific and Technical Committee of the project Carbon Sink Peugeot/ONF, in the Brazilian Amazon; member of the editorial board of 12 scientific journals; President of ANPPAS – Brazilian National Association of Research and Graduate Programs on Environment and Society (since 2015); Coordinator of the Regional Development working group of the Brazilian Climate Change Research Network. Author of 100 articles published in scientific periodicals, 20 books and 49 book chapters.
Patrice CHRISTMANN is a geologist specialised in the field of mineral resources. He holds a PhD in earth sciences and a business degree from the Ecole Supérieure de Commerce, Paris. He began his career in 1970 as Junior Geologist at the Quebec Ministry of Natural Resources in Canada, where –during his thesis- he studied the gold and copper deposits of Copper Cliff, close to Chibougamau. He was recruited by the Bureau of Geological and Mineral Resources (BRGM) in 1977, he worked as a geological cartographer and as a mineral exploration geologist in Iran and then in Yemen before joining the International Department in 1985. From 1997 to 2000, he worked as seconded national expert in mineral resources at the European Commission at the Directorate General for Development. He returned to Brussels from 2004 to 2005 as Secretary General of EuroGeoSurveys, an association of 33 European geological departments. On his return to the BRGM, he became head of the Mineral Resources Department. Since September 2010, he has occupied the position of Deputy Director of Strategy, in charge of ‘the mineral resources of the BRGM Group’. In this role, he contributes to the works of the French Committee for Strategic Metals and to various other working groups connected with the EC’s raw materials initiative. He is member of a high-level group within the EC that steers the European ‘Raw Materials’ Innovation Partnership. He has also been a member of the UN’s International Group for the Sustainable Use of Natural Resources since June 2010. His fields of interest include public policy related to the sustainable management of natural resources and the economy of raw mineral materials.
Raymond Cointe, a graduate of Ecole polytechnique, holds a Ph.D. from the University of California at Santa Barbara and is an IPEF engineer. He has held several positions in the department of the French Prime Minister and in the Ministry of the Environment, where he was appointed Deputy Secretary General of European Affairs and Director of European and International Affairs respectively.
He served as Special Advisor to Delphine Batho and later to Philippe Martin, Ministers of Ecology, Sustainable Development and Energy in the Ayrault government. He was appointed Managing Director of INERIS on 1 November 2013.
After studying mathematics (Faculty of Science, Paris), philosophy and history, Amy Dahan became a University lecturer at the University of Picardy (71-1983), then Research Manager before becoming Research Director of History, Philosophy and Sciences at the CNRS. She has taught at Polytechnic and Social Sciences schools and at the Open University of Brussels. Her field is Science Studies, which addresses the interaction between science and society, and science and politics.
She is a member of CNRS’ ethics committee.
(research / activities)
She conducts her research at the Alexandre Koyré Centre (EHESS-CNRS, UMR 8560). Over the past twelve years, she has focused her research on climate change and its scientific, political and civilizational stakes. She leads a research team composed of PhD and post-doctoral students on “Climate Change: Expertise, Futures and Policies”.
Amy Dahan is the author and co-author of over 70 articles and dozens of works, including Les Sciences pour la Guerre (Science for War) (Presses de l’EHESS, 2004) and Les Modèles du Futur (Models of the Future) (La Découverte, 2007). Her latest book, written with Stefan Aykut, is called Gouverner le Climat? 20 années de négociations internationales (Governing climate? 20 years of international negotiations) (Paris, Presses de Sciences Po, 2015, 750 pages)
To find out more about her CV and publications, visit: http://koyre.ehess.fr/index.php?367
Neli Aparecida de Mello-Thery has been a geographer and professor at the University of São Paulo’s Environmental Management Training Center since 2005. She is currently Deputy Director of the School of Arts, Sciences and Humanities and coordinator of the Institute for Advanced Studies’ research group on public policy, territories and society. In recent years, she has been an associate researcher at the University of Brasilia’s CDS Center for Sustainable Development and at the TEMPS Territories and Globalization in Developing Countries research unit (IRD-École Normale Supérieure). From October 1995 to May 1999, she headed the Natural Resource Policy Program (SPRN), the Pilot Program for the preservation of Brazil’s Tropical Forests (PPG7) run by the Ministry of the Environment, Water and the Amazon’s Secretary of State for Amazon Affairs. From June to October 2009, she was a consultant at the public policy support center at the Brazilian Environment Ministry’s Bureau of Amazon Affairs. She has also been professor in the Department of Geography at the University of Brasilia, Guest Professor at IHEAL and at the University of Rennes’ Costel Laboratory, as well as at the geography department of the University of Paris X-Nanterre.
Maud Devès is a Research Fellow in the Politiques de la Terre (Earth Policy) program at Sorbonne Paris-Cité (Sciences Po & Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris), Associate Researcher at the University of York (United Kingdom), secretary of the scientific council of the Association française de prévention des catastrophes naturelles (French Association for the Prevention of Natural Disasters) and head of the working group on assessing and managing risks related to climate change.
Her research work is highly interdisciplinary in nature. She is involved in earth sciences at Institut de Physique du Globe de Paris, political science at Sciences Po and psychoanalysis at the Centre de recherche psychanlyse médecine et société de Paris Diderot (Center for Research on Psychoanalysis in Medicine and Society). She uses these various fields of knowledge to explore the question of catastrophes and, more specifically, the role of the sciences and scientists in confronting catastrophes (either real or feared).
Her background also combines a wide variety of disciplines. She earned a degree in Materials Engineering from INSA and a Master’s in Earth Sciences from ENS in 2006, a PhD in Geophysics from IPG in 2010 and a Master’s in Psychology, Psychoanalysis and Social Work from Paris Diderot in 2013.
Jean-Baptiste FRESSOZ is a historian of sciences, technology and the environment. Formerly a lecturer at Imperial College of London, he is now a researcher at Centre Alexandre Koyré (CNRS-EHESS). He is the author of L’Apocalypse Joyeuse, une histoire du risque technologique, Paris, Le Seuil, 2012, and, with Christophe Bonneuil, of L’Évènement Anthropocène, La Terre, l’histoire et nous, Paris, Le Seuil, 2014.
Mathias Girel is a philosopher and lecturer at Ecole normale supérieure de Paris. His research includes work on pragmatism and American philosophy as well as on various topics related to the philosophy of science, exploring the questions of induced doubt, instrumentalized ignorance and secret. A translator of William James (Essays in Radical Empiricism) and Stanley Cavell (Cities of Words), he has also authored publi¬cations on James, Peirce, Emerson and Dewey.
His recent publications include:
• Girel, Mathias. Crystal-Clearness: For the Second-Rates. In Thellefsen, Torkild (Ed.) and Sorensen, Bent (Editor), The Peirce Quote Book – – Charles Sanders Peirce in His Own Words. De Gruyter, October 2014.
• Proctor, Robert N., Golden Holocaust. La conspiration des industriels du tabac. Prefaced and edited by Mathias Girel. Paris: Éditions des Équateurs, 2014
• Girel, Mathis. L’expert et les critères: Regards sur le droit Américain et sa philosophie des sciences implicite. In collective. Sciences et Société: les normes en question. Arles: Actes sud, March 2014.
Roger GUESNERIE is currently the Chaired Professor of Economic Theory and Social Organization at the Collège de France, a position created in 2000. He has been President of l’Ecole d’Economie de Paris since 2007. His research career, much of which has been spent at CNRS, has been highlighted by influential works on economic theory (public economics, balance and anticipation). It has led him to accumulate scientific responsibilities – for instance, as President of international scholarly societies – as well as broad teaching experience, for example in France at EHESS and internationally at the London School of Economics.
In addition to more than one hundred scientific articles, he is the author of ten books, including works for the general public (L’Economie de marché – “The Market Economy”) and on political economy (Kyoto et l’économie de l’effet de serre – “Kyoto and the Greenhouse Economy”).
Anne Houtman is Chief Advisor at the European Commission’s Directorate General for Energy and until August 2014, she was Head of Representation for the European Commission in France. From 2006-2010 she was Director of Internal Market and Sustainability at the former Energy and Transport DG, before becoming Director of General Affairs at the DG for Energy when Energy and Transport affairs were separated. After an academic career in private teaching establishments, she joined the European Commission in 1985. For two years, she worked at Eurostat, the statistical office of the European Union and after that she spent 12 years at the Commission’s Directorate General for Competition. From 2004-2006, Anne Houtman was Director of horizontal policy development at the DG of Internal Market and Services. She was Member and then Deputy Head of Cabinet of the European Commission’s President Romano Prodi from September 1999 to November 2004. Anne Houtman has a degree in Mathematical science from the Catholic University of Louvain and a PhD in statistics from the University of Princeton (United-States).
HUANG Yitian is an assistant professor in the Department of International Politics, School of International Relations & Public Affairs, Fudan University. Yitian received Ph.D. in international environmental policy from Yale University, L.L.M (Master of Law) from the University of Cambridge, and L.L.B (Bachelor of Law) from Peking University. His research interests include global environmental politics, climate negotiation, transnational private governance, and China’s environmental policy. In the area of climate policy, Yitian has published “Foreign Policy ‘Trilimmas’: Understanding China’s Stance on International Cap-and-trade” on Climate Policy (with Rob Bailis from Yale University), and “Policy Experimentation and the Emergence of Domestic Voluntary Carbon Trading in China” on East Asia.
Emeritus Director of Research at INRA and Director of Studies at EHESS (where he teaches on how the concept of sustainable development poses a challenge to scientific research), Bernard Hubert has been President of Agropolis International in Montpellier since 2009. After working for 10 years at Orston (today IRD) in West Africa, where he studied rodent population dynamics, he joined INRA and created the Ecodevelopment unit in Avignon to study Mediterranean cattle breeding systems and questions related to cattle breeding in forests in order to better prevent fire risks. He headed INRA’s Agrarian Systems and Development (SAD) department from 1993 to 2003, then served as Scientific Director of the ‘Society Economy Decision’ sector until 2007. At the request of INRA and Cirad, he then created the French Initiative for International Agronomics Research (IFRAI) Public Interest Group, which he headed until 2010. He was lead author of the section on “natural resource utilization systems” in the International Assessment of Agricultural Science and Technology for Development (IAASTD), a worldwide assessment of the state of and prospects for agronomics research around the globe, an initiative of the World Bank based on the IPCC and MEA (2005-2007) models. After co-heading INRA’s prospective study on “New Rurality” with Guy Riba and then coordinating the “Agrimonde” assessment for INRA and Cirad, he started an international working group bringing together leading authors on foresight, prediction and assessment in the areas of agriculture and food (Forward Thinking Platform). Since 2010, he has chaired the Commission for International Agronomics Research (CRAI), which brings together Cirad, INRA, ITD and Irstea with the three French ministries in charge of Foreign Affairs, Research and Agriculture. In 2013, he was elected as a corresponding member of the French Agriculture Academy.
He is one of the three editors-in-chief of the journal Natures Sciences Sociétés, is associate editor of The Rangeland Journal and chairs the scientific committee of the journal Agricultures.
He has served as an expert on sustainable development within CIC for Angkor since 2010.
Hervé Le Guyader is Professor of Evolutionary Biology at Université Pierre-et-Marie-Curie (Paris VI) and a member of the Evolution Paris-Seine mixed research unit.
His recent publications include:
• Le Guyader, Hervé. Penser l’évolution. Paris: Imprimerie Nationale Editions, 2012. Coll. Fondamentales.
• Lecointre, Guillaume, Le Guyader, Hervé and Visset, Dominique. Classification phylogénétique du vivant, tome 2. Paris: Belin, 2013.
• Wismann, Heinz, Le Guyader, Hervé, Klein, Etienne and Besnier, Jean-Michel. La science en jeu. Paris: Actes Sud/IHEST, 2010. Coll. Questions vives.
• Collective. Partager la science, l’illettrisme scientifique en question. Paris: Actes Sud /IHEST, 2013. Coll. Questions vives.
Material scientist, trained as chemist in Germany and USA.
• 2015 -2018 Coordinator of the project « Innovative research to protect cultural heritage“
• Since 2010 co-initiator and organiser of a series of seminars and workshops on the subject « The green museum »
• 2009 -2014 Coordinator of large scale EU project Climate for Culture about the impact of climate change on historic houses and their collections and future energy demand (www.climateforculture.eu).
• 2008 co-founder of Fraunhofer Network on Sustainability
• 2008 co-founder of German Research Alliance Cultural Heritage
• Since 2005 scientific representative of Fraunhofer Gesellschaft for the advancement of applied research (www.fraunhofer.de) at the European Union in Brussels.
• 2001 – 2005 National Expert of the Federal Republic of Germany for “Technologies for the Protection of the European Cultural Heritage” at the European Commission, DG Research in Brussels.
• 1988 -2000 coordinator of national, international and European research and development projects at Fraunhofer Institute for Silicate Research in Würzburg
Research areas: Climate change impact on cultural heritage; implementation of the concept of sustainability into research and cultural heritage sector; environmental monitoring, conservation of mediaeval stained glass windows, preventive conservation technologies, application of laser technology, development of environmental sensors (glass sensor) and biosensors.
Sandrine MALJEAN-DUBOIS is Director of Research at the CNRS and she also runs the International and Community Research Centre in Aix-en-Provence. A specialist in international environmental law, she has been following climate negotiations for several years. She wrote La diplomatie climatique (climate diplomacy) with Matthieu Wemaëre and Les enjeux d’un régime international du climat (The challenges of an international climate regime) (Pedone, 2010).
Hervé Thery is an associate professor at the University of São Paulo-USP, the first holder of the Pierre Monbeig Chair, and Director of Research at the Center for Research and Documentation on the Americas (CREDA, UMR 7227 CNRS-Université Paris III). A graduate of the École Normale Supérieure (ENS), with a PhD in geography, he started his career as a researcher at CREDA, then became an Assistant Professor in charge of the Geography department at ENS (1982-84), before founding and running the team that developed and taught computerized data mapping (EDECID) from 1984 to 1989. After serving as Executive Director then Director of the RECLUS Public Interest Group (1989-94), he became environment sector expert to the Ministry of Foreign Affairs, in the Scientific and Technical Cooperation Division’s scientific and technical support mission (1994-96). From 1998 to 2002, he was a professor in charge of the Geography department at ENS. He has lived in Brazil since 2003, first in Brasilia (2003-2005) then São Paulo. A member of many scientific commissions, Hervé Théry has published a number of works and articles, including Atlas of Brazil (in collaboration with Neli de Mello), 2004, La Documentation française and recently Le Brésil, pays emergé (Armand Colin, 2014).
Sébastien TREYER is director of programmes at Iddri (the Institute for Sustainable Development and International Relations), a think tank that contributes to international negotiations concerning sustainable development. Chief Engineer specialised in bridges, water and forests, he holds a PhD in Management and he is a specialist in environmental policy forecasting. He helped coordinate forecast studies on agriculture, food saftey and sustainable development such as the INRA-CIRAD “Agrimonde” (World Agriculture and Food in 2050) project, and a report entitled “Sustainable consumption and production in a resource-constrained world” for the EC’s Standing Committee on Agricultural Research. He is Vice President of the scientific council of the Seine-Normandie area, and Chairman of the FFEM (The French Global Environment Facility)’s scientific and technical committee.
Dr. Luis VALDÉS SANTURIO (Spain) is, since January 2009, the Head of Ocean Sciences at the Intergovernmental Oceanographic Commission of UNESCO, and formerly (2000-2008) he has been the Director of the Centro Oceanográfico de Gijón – Instituto Español de Oceanografía (CO Gijón-IEO). With more than 30 years of experience in marine research and field studies related with marine ecology and climate change, he established in 1990 the time series programme based on ocean sampling sites and marine observatories which is maintained by Spain in the North Atlantic (www.seriestemporales-ieo.com). He has advised various governmental, intergovernmental and international organizations as well as research funding agencies. He has a vast experience in ICES where he has chaired different Working Groups and Committees including the Oceanographic Committee. He also served as Spanish Delegate in ICES and in the IOC-UNESCO.
Heinz Wismann is a philosopher and philologist. He began teaching philosophy at the Sorbonne in 1962 and was appointed to the School for Advanced Studies in Social Sciences (EHESS) in 1978, where he is currently Emeritus Director. He directed the “Passages” collection at Éditions du Cerf from 1986 to August 2007. From 1991 to 2000, he headed the Heidelberg Protestant Institute for Interdisciplinary Research (FEST) in Germany. He has been a member of the French Agriculture Academy since 2007. His latest works include Les Avatars du vide. Démocrite et les fondements de l’atomisme (“The Avatars of the Void. Democritus and the Foundations of Atomism”), Paris, Hermann, 2010 and Penser entre les langues (“Thinking Between Languages”), Albin Michel, 2013. He is also co-author of La science en jeu (“Science at Risk”), Arles, Actes Sud / IHEST, coll. “Questions vives”, 2010, and Partager la science, l’illettrisme scientifique en question (“Sharing Science: Scientific Illiteracy in Question”), Arles, Actes Sud / IHEST, coll. “Questions vives”, 2013.
Dr. ZHANG Ji is Assistant Professor at the School of International Relations and Public Affairs, Fudan University. He is also the Deputy Director of Center for French Studies at Fudan University. He is the council member of Shanghai Institute for European Studies, “Shanghai Pujiang Expert”, reviewer of several academic journals including Chinese Journal of European Studies, Journal of International Security Studies. His research interests include diplomacy studies, European studies, French Foreign and Security Policy, Chinese Foreign and Security Policy etc. He was a visiting scholar at Sciences Po. Paris in 2008-2009 and successfully participated in 4th GARNET PhD School l’Université Libre de Bruxelles 2007. His recent publications in Chinese include: Two-way dynamics of Europeanization: France and Common Security and Defense Policy of European Union(2014), National Security Councils of the Major Countries(2014), “Despecialization of the Sino-French Strategic Relationship”(2013), “France’s European Policy in the European Debt Crisis: Pursuing Leadership in an Asymmetric European Union”(2012), “The Decision-Making System of China’s Foreign Policy”(2013).